Schizoaffective disorder is a chronic mental health condition characterized primarily by symptoms of schizophrenia, such as hallucinations or delusions, and symptoms of a mood disorder, such as mania and depression.
The exact cause of schizoaffective disorder is unknown. A combination of causes may contribute to the development of schizoaffective disorder.
Depending on the type of mood disorder diagnosed, depression or bipolar disorder, people will experience different symptoms:
Schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia are related, but separate conditions. First, schizoaffective disorder incorporates schizophrenia symptoms with additional mood disorder symptoms. Both symptoms of schizophrenia and mood disorder must be present for a person to be diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder. In addition, hallucinations and delusions must be present for a minimum of two weeks without a manic or depressive episode, and symptoms cannot be caused by medication or drug use. People diagnosed with schizophrenia don’t exhibit any symptoms of an underlying mood disorder.
There are many schizoaffective disorder treatments currently available. A typical schizoaffective disorder treatment plan is dependent on the diagnosis type. See below for Treatments for details below.
Schizoaffective disorder is treated and managed in several ways:
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