Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition in which characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.
ADHD is associated with abnormally low levels of the neurotransmitters transmitting between the two parts of the brain, the prefrontal cortical area and the basal ganglia (i.e. dopamine and noradrenaline). Dopamine is closely associated with reward centers in the brain, and also interacts with other potent neurotransmitters to regulate mood.
While some behaviors associated with ADHD are "normal" and not a cause for concern to most people, someone with ADHD will have trouble controlling these behaviors and will show them much more frequently and for longer than 6 months.
Signs of inattention include:
Signs of hyperactivity include:
Signs of impulsivity include:
ADHD can occur as early as preschool years
A child who finds it nearly impossible to stay focused in class, or to complete a lengthy task such as writing a long essay, may try to save face by acting as though he does not want to do it or is too lazy to finish. This behavior may look like laziness or lack of motivation, but it stems from real difficulty in functioning.
ADHD is managed and treated in several ways:
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